- City Guide - Calgary
Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada – with a population of over 1,200,000 people. Calgary is located in the south of the province, in an area of foothills, grassland, and parkland in the natural regions of Alberta.
Before Calgary was settled by Europeans it was inhabited by people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. The site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police (now the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or RCMP). The NWMP was assigned to the area in 1875 in order to protect the western plains from U.S. whiskey traders, as well as protecting the fur trade.
Calgary is recognized as a leader in the Canadian gas and oil industry, as well as a leader in economic expansion. Due to escalating oil prices the economy in Calgary was booming until the end of 2008, and it became one of the fastest growing economies in the country. Regardless of the importance of the oil and gas industry Calgary has invested a great deal into other areas such as tourism, and high-tech manufacturing.
Calgary has a number of multicultural areas to offer both residents and visitors. While a large majority of Calgarians live in the city's suburbs central districts have increased in popularity, therefore density in those areas has also increased and the availability of cultural venues in these areas has gradually evolved as a result.
Over 3.1 million people now visit the city annually for its many festivals and attractions – making it a welcoming place for tourists, new residents, and even visiting family members.